Asthma is a disease that occurs with chronic inflammation and increased sensitivity (hyperreactivity) of the bronchial tree to various stimulus or other provoking factors. In contact with the stimulus or at a provoking moment there occurs a reaction in which bronchoscopy decreases, becomes obstruction and breathing becomes obstructed. This obstruction is variable and usually completely reversible with medication.
Asthma symptoms may range from a subtle to extremely severe condition that threatens the life of the patient. Therefore, the asthma patient should be aware of his illness and always have the appropriate medication. A major manifestation of asthma is the asthma attack. It usually includes:
– Delayed shortness of breath
– Presence of dry whistling wheezes when breathing, usually heard from a distance
– An agonizing “dry” cough
– Tightness and weight in the chest
The severity of asthma is determined by the severity, frequency, and nocturnal occurrence of seizures.
Still, not every person with asthma has the same symptoms in the same way. You may not have all of these symptoms, or you may have different symptoms at different times. Your asthma symptoms may also vary from one asthma attack to the next, being mild during one and severe during another.
Some people with asthma may go for extended periods without having any symptoms, interrupted by periodic worsening of their symptoms called asthma attacks. Others might have asthma symptoms every day. In addition, some people may only have asthma during exercise, or asthma with viral infections like colds.
In addition to the history of asthma attacks and overall medical examination, there are various tests to detect both bronchial hyperreactivity and already occurring asthma. They are performed using a functional breathing apparatus and special provocative samples with substances that affect the respiratory system. In the diagnosis of allergic-induced asthma, the tests for detecting susceptibility to certain allergens – skin samples, provocation and elimination samples, etc. are important.
Sometimes, blood tests can also be performed to increase the presence of cells and proteins that lead to allergic reactions.