Candidiasis is an inflammatory disease of various tissues or organs caused by the fungus Candida. The most common cause is Candida albicans, but the infection can also be caused by other Candida fungi. Candida albicans is a normal resident of the nasopharynx and the human digestive tract, present in small amounts as a normal part of the vaginal flora.
Invasive candidiasis is an infection caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida. Unlike Candida infections in the mouth and throat (also called “thrush”) or vaginal “yeast infections,” invasive candidiasis is a serious infection that can affect the blood, heart, brain, eyes, bones, and other parts of the body
The following are symptoms associated with vaginal yeast infections:
– Irritated vagina and vaginal area,
– Vaginal discharge (typically white-gray and thick, with a consistency resembling cottage cheese),
– Intense itching of the genitals,
– Painful or burning urination, or.
– Painful intercourse.
Candidiasis is diagnosed when there are typical changes and symptoms in the dermal-mucosal form. A precise diagnosis is made by a microbiological study which isolates the particular type of Candida fungus and measures its sensitivity to the various antifungal preparations.
Isolation of the fungus from the blood in the case of septicemia is done by the culture of hemocultures. Serological tests that isolate specific antibodies present in human blood are not routine, but may also be useful in diagnosing candidiasis.