Chlamydial infection is caused by an intracellular parasite called Chlamidia trachomatis. It is sexually transmitted and affects both genders – men and women. The main chlamydia symptoms are pain, discomfort or burning sensation when urinating, as well as inflammation, tenderness and pain in and around sexual organs. Besides the sexual organs, in some cases the eyes, joints, the liver and the lungs are also affected. The incubation period (time from infection to first symptom) is 7- 14 days.
Chlamydia symptoms in women
In women there are two varieties of Chlamydia – lower and upper disease. The Lower Chlamydia infection occurs with endocervicitis and urethritis involvement. The main complaints are from the appearance of a simple scarring, with no features and burning, stinging during urination. In most cases (up to 85%) may lack specific complaints. The Upper Chlamydia inflammatory process affects the uterine body (endometrium) and the uterine tubules (endosalpinitis). The infection usually occurs quietly – it is possible to see an unusual pain low in the abdomen, more abundant monthly bleeding or bleeding outside.
The main chlamydia symptoms in women are:
– Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor.
– Bleeding between periods.
– Painful periods.
– Abdominal pain with fever.
– Pain when having sex.
– Itching or burning in or around the vagina.
– Pain when urinating.
Chlamydia trachomatis seriously damages the fallopian tubes, reduces their mobility and leads to the formation of adhesions, ultimately causing severe infertility. Chlamydial infection is one of the leading causes.
Chlamydia symptoms in men
In men the inflammatory process are mainly affected by the urethra. The complaints are scarce, mainly by the flow of a minimal amount of whitish secretion from the penis, mainly in the morning. Complaints may be missing in 40% of cases.
The main chlamydia symptoms in men are:
– White, cloudy or watery discharge from the tip of the penis;
– Pain, discomfort or a ‘burning sensation’ when urinating;
– Inflammation, tenderness and pain in and around the testicles.