Myoma, which is commonly known as a fibroids, is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that develops in or around the uterus. Fibroids are medically known as leiomyomas and are tumors of the smooth muscle, the tissue that normally makes up that wall of the uterus. The fibroids symptoms may occur frequently or only occasionally. The disease course varies among individuals. Some women have no symptoms at all, while others have abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, difficulty urinating, or pain during sexual intercourse. A fibroid can grow large enough to put pressure on the bladder, making it difficult to expel urine and eventually causing infection.
The disease is found in 20% of women aged 20-35 years, with the incidence increasing with age. Thus, in women over the age of 40, fibroids are found in about 40% of cases, but with the onset of menopause, detection is rare. There is a certain dependence of the condition and whether or not the woman has given birth – usually the uneducated suffer more often than the appearance of fibroids nodes compared to the women born.
Many women do not find their fibroids symptoms. In those that do, symptoms can be influenced by the location, size and number of fibroids. In women who have symptoms, the most common symptoms of fibroids include heavy menstrual bleeding, menstrual periods lasting more than a week, pelvic pressure or pain, frequent urination and difficulty emptying the bladder. Also among the fibroids symptoms are constipation, backache or leg pains and rarely acute pain when it outgrows its blood supply, and begins to die.
Fibroids are generally classified by their location. Intramural fibroids grow within the muscular uterine wall. Submucosal fibroids bulge into the uterine cavity. Subserosal fibroids project to the outside of the uterus.