Meningitis is an inflammatory disease, which most often has an infectious origin. The disease is affecting meninges – the three envelopes of the spinal cord and the spinal cord. The main meningitis symptoms are based on the irritation of the meninges and peripheral nerve roots, including high temperature and fever, as well as headache, nausea and vomiting. Depending on etiology (the particular cause), it can be very severe, to have permanent effects on the body, in some cases lead to death.
In most cases, inflammation of the meninges has an infectious agent, as more than 80% of these are viruses, the most common viral causes are coxa viruses, herpesvirus, mumps virus, enteroviruses (ECHO viruses), etc. In less frequent cases, about 20%, bacteria become the cause of meningitis.
Usually most types of the disease occur sharply and seriously hurt the brain and the organs of the body. The classification of the meningitis is based on the source of the disease, as it is usually forming the large part from the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. There is nothing worse for waiting of the disease to grow and we should know that in meningitis treatment each hour is important. So the information about meningitis symptoms will give you advantage and will help you to prevent serious complications.
The most common meningitis symptoms are based on the irritation of the meninges and peripheral nerve roots. In the first stages symptoms of meningitis are close to cold symptoms and flu, but in later stages they are quite different. Of course there are some specifications, which should make us think that we have meningitis. The symptoms, which are typical for all the meningitis types are:
– High temperature and fever – usually the temperature increases to 40 C
– Headache – located most often occipital with radiation to the back and along the spine
– Nausea and vomiting
– Neck Stiffness – inability to bend the head forward
– Changes in consciousness
– Irritation from the light
– Drowsy and confused consciousness
– Convulsions – often men in small children
Definitely we should consider that the symptoms of meningitis hardly depend on the meningitis type. If you follow the symptoms, the diagnosis can be determined because of the uniqueness of the disease.