Mycoplasmosis is infection at humans or animals with the various types of Mycoplasma microorganisms. There are about 17 species of known mycoplasma, the most common being 4 of them. In humans, these are Mycoplasma pneumoniae, which colonizes the air, Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium, which are responsible for urogenital infections and Ureaplasma species. The main Mycoplasmosis symptoms include sore throat, cough, fever, fatigue and headache.
Mycoplasmas are the smallest, self-living prokaryotic cells (cells without nuclei) that are specific due to their lack of a cell wall. This particularity determines their lack of Gram response (a major type of diagnosis of infection) and their high resistance to widely used beta-lactam antibiotics.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is well known as the cause of a community-acquired atypical pneumonia. The lighter form of infection is the course of pharyngitis, tracheobronchitis and bronchiolitis, with 5-10% of the infected patients developing pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a frequent occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients who have been subjected to ventilator for a longer time and have decreased immune defense mechanisms.
The infection with mycoplasma affects men and women of all ages equally. Until recently, it was the infection typical of children aged 5-9, pupils, colleagues with multiple contacts, such as colleges, universities and barracks. Recently, this is a typical infection for elderly people over 65 years, which accounts for 15% of cases of pneumonia in this age group.
Typical Mycoplasmosis symptoms develop and persist for weeks to months. The flu-like symptoms such as generalized muscle pain, fever 38-39 C, cough without expectoration (no sputum and secretion), sore throat, headache, nasal congestion (nose obstruction), ear pain, general weakness and etc. In pulmonary auscultation (hearing), typical pulmonary inflammatory diseases are heard. Mycoplasmosis symptoms usually pass for 2 to 6 weeks.
The transmission of infection with Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis occurs either sexually or in disturbed immune mechanisms and the development of infection by the mycoplasma that inhabits the genitals of man. In men, the infection occurs as substrates or chronic urethritis. The condition is characterized by soreness in urination, increased urethral secretion. In women, mycoplasma causes bacterial vaginosis (inflammation of the vagina) or even endometritis (inflammation of the uterus). Dangerous may be infection in pregnant women where choriomiomyocyte (inflammation of the placenta) or endometritis may cause spontaneous abortion. Mycoplasma ureaplasma and Mycoplasma hominis become the cause of pyelonephritis (inflammation of the renal pelvis).