Osteochondrosis combined a group of degenerative diseases affecting articular cartilage and normal bone formation seen with different localization predominantly in children and adolescents during intense growth. The disease is very acute for young people. The main osteochondrosis symptoms are pain, swelling and tenderness, joint popping, weakness and decreased range of motion.
There are still unclear questions about the cause of these diseases. Important role in the disease have toxic, infectious, metabolic factors, as well as that of acute or chronic traumatization, systemic physical exertion. The primary nature of osteochondrosis is rarely recognized without establishing a clear cause for its occurrence. However, there is unanimous opinion on pathogenesis – an important place here is the bleeding disorder that nourishes the bone, and hence the damage to cartilage and bone tissue. Lack of blood supply leads to bone necrosis located immediately adjacent to the cartilage ossification zone. As a result, pathological fragmentation occurs.
Depending on the joint that’s affected, different osteochondrosis symptoms might occur. The main symptoms is pain, which might be triggered by physical activity, just like walking up stairs, climbing a hill or playing sports. Also the patients that have such disease complaint from swelling and tenderness, as the skin around joint might be swollen and tender. Important osteochondrosis symptoms also is joint popping or locking, as they might pop or stick in one position if a loose fragment gets caught between bones during movement. The patients might feel as though your joint is “giving way” or weakening, and even be unable to straighten the affected limb completely.
If you have persistent pain or soreness in your knee, elbow or another joint, see your doctor. Other signs and symptoms that should prompt a call or visit to your doctor include joint swelling or an inability to move a joint through its full range of motion.