Peptic ulcer is a defect of the lining covering the stomach, duodenum (the small intestine) or the esophagus. Peptic ulcer of the stomach is called gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. They are also the most common manifestations of peptic disease.
The ulcer defect is the result of the action of acidic digestive juices secreted by gastric cells. An important point is the impairment of the protective properties of the mucosal barrier for a number of reasons.
The duodenal ulcer occurs almost 4 times more often than the stomach and predominates in the age of 30 to 50 years. It is more common in men, whereas gastric ulcer affects both sexes with the same frequency and occurs mostly after 40 years of age.
Peptic ulcer symptoms
The main peptic ulcer symptoms are
– Pain soon after feeding in the stomach ulcer and fasting in the duodenal ulcer. It is important to note that pain can vary in strength (from an unpleasant feeling of fullness and severity to severe and severe pain) and has seasonal character – it is sharpened mainly in spring and autumn.
– Weight after feeding
– Nausea and vomiting
– Weight loss
In severe cases, symptoms can include:
– Dark or black stool
– Vomiting blood or material that can look like coffee grounds
– Severe pain in the belly
Your doctor may suspect you have an ulcer just by your symptoms. But to make sure, he’ll need to order tests of your blood, breath, and stool. First, he may ask you to take an acid-blocking medication, like those used to treat heartburn, to see if symptoms get better.