Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease, which primary localization is usually the lungs, but it can gradually cover other organs in the body, such as liver, nervous system, heart, skin, eyes. Most often, the disease affects people between 20 and 40 years of age. In addition, Scandinavians and black Americans have been shown to be at greater risk of developing such disease, with sarcoidosis symptoms being more pronounced, and the condition being associated with more complications.
The still clear cause of the disease is unknown. Suspected disturbances in normal immune cell activity. In many cases, it is a self-limiting disease, within 2-3 years it disappears even without the use of any treatment. In other cases, the sarcoidosis symptoms persist for the rest of their lives. Very rarely, the disease is fatal. Specialists still do not know the cause of this different appearance of the disease among the different people. Probably the answer lies in the reactivity and condition of the immune system.
In some cases, the development of the disease is gradual and several years pass until diagnosis, most commonly in the course of a routine review, where typical X-ray changes occur. In other cases the disease develops acute and after a short period spontaneously disappears. In most cases, however, the symptoms vary, depending on which organs are affected.
The most common Sarcoidosis symptoms are breathlessness, progressive cough, fatigue, fever, weight loss, red eyes, enlarged and tender lymph glands in the neck, armpits and groin, enlarged lymph glands in the chest and around the lungs, appearance of small reddish nodal changes on the face and hands, as well as arthritis.
Many patients with sarcoidosis experience lung problems, which may include persistent dry cough, shortness of breath, wheezing and chest pain.
Also the sarcoidosis symptoms might have nervous system effects, including hearing loss, meningitis, seizures, or psychiatric disorders (for example, dementia, depression, psychosis).